摘要 : 这项研究描述由“ENCODE consortium”和“modENCODE consortium”所生成的、来自人类、果蝇和线虫不同细胞系和发育阶段的无数新的全基因组染色质数据集。相关文章发表于2014年8月27日的《Nature》杂志上。
这项研究描述由“ENCODE consortium”和“modENCODE consortium”所生成的、来自人类、果蝇和线虫不同细胞系和发育阶段的无数新的全基因组染色质数据集。
Joshua W. K. Ho, Youngsook L. Jung, Tao Liu, Burak H. Alver, Soohyun Lee, Kohta Ikegami, Kyung-Ah Sohn, Aki Minoda, Michael Y. Tolstorukov, Alex Appert, Stephen C. J. Parker, Tingting Gu, Anshul Kundaje, Nicole C. Riddle, Eric Bishop, Thea A. Egelhofer,Sheng'en Shawn Hu, Artyom A. Alekseyenko, Andreas Rechtsteiner, Dalal Asker, Jason A. Belsky, Sarah K. Bowman, Q. Brent Chen, Ron A.-J. Chen, Daniel S. Day et al.
Genome function is dynamically regulated in part by chromatin, which consists of the histones, non-histone proteins and RNA molecules that package DNA. Studies inCaenorhabditis elegans and Drosophila melanogaster have contributed substantially to our understanding of molecular mechanisms of genome function in humans, and have revealed conservation of chromatin components and mechanisms. Nevertheless, the three organisms have markedly different genome sizes, chromosome architecture and gene organization. On human and fly chromosomes, for example, pericentric heterochromatin flanks single centromeres, wheras worm chromosomes have dispersed heterochromatin-like regions enriched in the distal chromosomal ‘arms’, and centromeres distributed along their lengths. To systematically investigate chromatin organization and associated gene regulation across species, we generated and analysed a large collection of genome-wide chromatin data sets from cell lines and developmental stages in worm, fly and human. Here we present over 800 new data sets from our ENCODE and modENCODE consortia, bringing the total to over 1,400. Comparison of combinatorial patterns of histone modifications, nuclear lamina-associated domains, organization of large-scale topological domains, chromatin environment at promoters and enhancers, nucleosome positioning, and DNA replication patterns reveals many conserved features of chromatin organization among the three organisms. We also find notable differences in the composition and locations of repressive chromatin. These data sets and analyses provide a rich resource for comparative and species-specific investigations of chromatin composition, organization and function.
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